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The general objective of the CombinES project is to bring solutions to better and wide-spread utilization of the combination of the energy performance contracting (EPC) projects with subsidy programs. As the EPC is usually suitable for financing the energy efficiency measures with short or medium paybacks, the additional financing from subsidy programs are needed to implement energy efficiency measures with longer paybacks. This will allow to support significantly larger number of energy efficiency projects from limited public funds resulting in savings of energy, GHG emissions and other pollutants, waste production and hazards linked to the energy production.

The Gothenburg Sustainable Development Strategy claims that the economic, social and environmental effects of all policies should be examined and coordinated in order to strengthen the synergies between sustainable development and growth. As the project CombinES addresses all of the three pillars of this strategy it is the best practice how to implement co-ordination of the three aspects of the sustainability. Increasing financing possibilities for the energy efficiency will bring large energy savings supporting economic efficiency of the producers as well as creating environmental benefits, especially in the form of saved emissions. As energy savings reduce cost of energy consumption the saved finances in the public sector may be used to support the social development

Currently in the Central European Region, public subsidies are often used to implement energy efficiency measures without even considering possibility of private co-financing by third parties through application of the Energy performance contracting. This is due to a number of barriers on both the side of the subsidy programmes’ structure and on the side of subsidy receivers and ESCOs. As a result, a given limited amount of public funding leads to significantly lower number of energy efficiency actions in comparison to the potential of co-financing with private EPC financing

The key outcome of the project is to provide sound, specific recommendations  to the EU New architecture for the future programming period of structural and cohesion funds for the years 2014 to 2020. The project results will contribute to specification of the strategic goals on the EU level, and, more importantly, to the innovative design of the specific programmes on the national level in a way to allow for large and efficient utilisation of the energy efficiency potential through combination of private financing through EPC method and public financing through subsidy programmes.

Project will enlarge financing possibilities for large and efficient utilisation of the energy efficiency potential and thus it will induce considerable energy savings. Realised energy efficiency measures will contribute to lowering the current dependency on external energy resources and secure the long-term supply with energy for the Central European Region. Moreover it will contribute to reducing CO2 emissions and thus combating the global climate change. In this light, the developed strategies will support the global climate protection strategies. The energy efficiency improvements reduce pollutant emissions and the associated climate change effects. Another side effect of fossil fuels combustion and resulting emissions of pollutants is acid rain and emissions of particulate matter contributing to bad air quality.

The goal is to prepare both general as well as specific recommendations for the provision of subsidy resources and concurrently opening the market for the provision of energy services in a manner which will enable to achieve the highest possible energy savings by lowering the public expenditures. The starting point is to compare the rules for providing public support for energy savings in individual countries and evaluating the future options for realizing savings through the expansion of energy services. Sharing the individual experiences from different countries and the subsequent project resolutions will result in the preparation of a proposal for the appropriate rules and recommendations to combine targeted financial support (particularly Structural Funds) and energy services. This will bring significant synergetic effects in the form of increasing the achievable volume of savings. In addition, the savings with shorter payback period will be mostly secured by ESCO companies.

The results of the research will not only be collected and recorded, but will be widely presented at the regional, national, and European levels. The appropriately targeted distribution of information will subsequently lead to a large number of opportunities for the more efficient use of public resources together with the consistently expanding use of energy services.

Project will contribute to all three pillars of the Lisbon Strategy. With regard to the economic pillar: preparing the ground for the transition to a competitive, dynamic, knowledge-based economy", the project support energy efficiency measures, and thus efficient energy use which reduces costs (energy is an essential input to production, distribution and marketing of products and services) and improves competitiveness and improves overall productivity. The project will also publish best practices for the energy service companies in Central Europe, but also all EU countries as they will be accessible on the project website and also in the freely distributed brochure

The project is contributing positively to innovation and competitiveness
The project is supporting RTD activities in SMEs and SME access to RTD services
The project is contributing to strengthened co-operation among businesses

Project Team
Jan Twardowski Project Manager
Szymon Liszka Senior Expert
Grażyna Michalik Finance Expert
Małgorzata Kocoń Junior Expert
Łukasz Rajek Junior Expert
Iwona Paruch Junior Expert


This project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF

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